Racism, socioeconomic factors cited in infant mortality
A study by Jacksonville Community Council, Inc. in Florida examined factors contributing to the high rate of infant mortality, especially among African American children, in Jacksonville. They reported that the biggest contributor to infant death was prematurity and low birth weight, which was related to mother's health before and during pregnancy. Neglect and abuse were cited as factors as well. The report highlighted socioeconomic inequalities and racism as stressors that have a physical and psychological impact on African American mothers, and suggested that these factors may contribute to the higher mortality rate among African American infants. This conclusion was based on a review of available literature, as the study did not specifically examine changes in mortality rates related to changes in racial attitudes or behaviour.