Tag Archive: smoking

Anatomy of Three Things (Episode 133) | families

Psychologists discuss contagious relationship problems, stress contagion in families, and the use of technology to help teens quit smoking.

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Study Examines Association of Movie Smoking Exposure and Team Sport Participation With Youths Becoming Established Smokers

CHICAGO ā€“ Participating in team sports is associated with a reduced likelihood of youths becoming established smokers, according to a report in the July issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. However, exposure to movie smoking appears to be associated with an increased risk of established smoking in both…

Smoking Mothers Give Birth to Anti-Social Children (Read on!)

On an upcoming episode of Family Anatomy Dr. Brian and I will be discussing the research on stress and pregnancy. One of the points we’ll be making is that alarming and sensational headlines can create unnecessary worry in expectant mothers. A study recently in the journalĀ Development and Psychopathology led to the headline “Smoking During Pregnancy…

From teen smoking to adult depression

Research published online in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology links adolescent smoking to depressive symptoms in adulthood. Rats were given either nicotine or saline doses in adolescence. Behavioural changes resembling depression or anxiety, including repetitive grooming, reduced consumption of rewards, and freezing in anxiety-provoking situations, were reported. Even a single day of nicotine exposure had long-lasting effects….

Genetics, environment, and smoking in pregnancy

A study in the January issue of Developmental Psychology examined the long-term effect of prenatal exposure to tobacco. This project was unique in that the researchers also considered the expression of genes affecting the dopamine (a neurotransmitter) system in the brain. The researchers asked preschoolers to complete a task that required “executive control;” the executive…

Exposure to tobacco smoke and children's behaviour

A study to be published in the Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics examined the possible impact of exposure to secondhand smoke on children’s behaviour. Although most studies of this kind rely on parents’ reports of smoke exposure, researchers in this case measured it using tests that detect cotinine, a byproduct of nicotine, in the…

School environment and smoking

A study published in the June 2008 issue of the journal BMC Public Health suggests that the high school environment has a significant impact on students’ smoking habits. The quality of teacher-student relationships and their attitude toward school affected smoking rates. The researchers suggested that school-wide interventions could be an effective element of anti-smoking interventions….

Parental smoking affects immune system development

Even post-natally, parental smoking seems to result in a depression of interferon production at age 11, according to a study published in the June 2008 issue of Pediatrics. Interferon is involved in “pathogen recognition, antiviral response, and activation of immune effector functions,” and deficits in its production may leave kids vulnerable to recurring infections. You…